The Test of English as a Foreign Language or TOEFL is used as an admission requirement for non-native English speakers at many English-speaking universities and colleges. It is mostly offered in an Internet-Based test (iBT) format worldwide with the paper-based test (PBT) format only available in a very limited number of countries. The test is divided into four sections, each testing basic skills in an academic setting: Reading, Listening, Speaking, and Writing. However the Speaking and Writing sections also include integrated questions testing a combination of skills. The TOEFL iBT test may be taken no more than once in any seven-day period, even if a person took the test and decided to cancel the score.
Total scores range from 0 to 130. In evaluating a test-taker's performance on TOEFL iBT, it is useful to compare test scores with those of other students from the same native country and with those of students who speak the same language as the test-taker. The test is not computer adaptive and the test-taker is allowed to take notes throughout the entire exam. It takes about four hours to complete the test.
|Total Sections:||4 Sections: •Reading •Listening •Speaking •Writing|
|TOEFL Reading||Question Type: 3-5 passages (about 700 words each); 12-14 questions each; Total No. of Questions: About 50; Total Time: 60-100 minutes|
|TOEFL Listening||Question Type: a) 4–6 lectures (3-5 minutes long, about 500-800 words); 6 questions each about 30 questions in total; b) 2–3 conversations (about 3 minutes long, about 12-25 exchanges); 5 questions each about 12 questions in total; Total No. of Questions: 40+; Total Time: 60-90 minutes|
|TOEFL Speaking||Question Type: a) 2 independent tasks (prep time: 15 sec; response time: 45 sec); 2 integrated tasks – Read/Listen/Speak (prep time: 30 sec; response time: 60 sec); c) 2 integrated tasks – Listen/Speak (prep time: 20 sec; response time: 60 sec); Total No. of Questions: 6; Total Time: 20 minutes|
|TOEFL Writing||Question Type: a) 1 integrated task – Read/Listen/Write (20 minutes) (reading time: 3 min; listening time: 2 min; writing: 15 min); b) 1 independent task (30 minutes); Total No. of Questions: 2; Total Time: 50 minutes|
|Time:||Approximately 4 hours|
|Summary||New integrated-skills questions test ability to learn, to integrate information across multiple tests. They are more difficult and more reflective of actual academic English|
-The Reading section runs continuously without sub-sections so test-takers can go back to previous passages and change answers within the time constraint.
-On the Listening section, test-takers can change their answer as many times as they wish until they click on the Confirm Answer (OK) button.
-On the Speaking section, test-takers will be cued with a beep to begin and end speaking and cannot change the answer since everything will be recorded during the peeps.
-On the Writing section, the essays can be revised until the clock runs out or the Submit button is hit.
|Length of Passage:||Approximately 700 words|
|Number of Passages:||3-5 passages|
|Questions:||12-14 questions per passage|
|Total Time:||60-100 minutes|
|Avg. Time per Question:||1.5 min|
|When Questions will appear:||After test takers finish read through or scroll to the end of the passage|
|Screen/Test Details:||(a) Test takers can view the entire passage while answering; (b) They can also review all the previous reading questions and answers and even fill out the missed answers; (c) They can now click on some special purpose words and phrases in the reading passages to view a definition or explanation|
|Length of Task:||1 integrated task – Read/Listen/Write (20 minutes) (reading time: 3 min; listening time: 2 min; writing: 15 min); 1 independent task (30 minutes)|
|Number of Tasks:||2|
|Total Time:||50 minutes|
|When Questions will appear:||On the same screen above the reading material or just on the left of the screen without reading material|
|Screen/Test Details:||(a) Test takers may take notes on the reading passage; (b) Responses are typed on the computer and sent to ETS’ Online Score Network|
|Length of Lecture:||3–5 minutes long each - about 500–800 words|
|Number of Lectures:||4-6 lectures|
|Lecture Questions:||6 questions per lecture; 24-36 questions in total|
|Length of Conversation:||about 3 minutes long - about 12–25 exchanges each|
|Number of Conversations:||2-3 conversations|
|Conversation Questions:||5 questions per conversation; 10-15 questions in total|
|Total Time:||60-90 minutes|
|Avg. Time per Question:||About 1 min|
|When Questions will appear:||After listening material is finished playing|
|Screen/Test Details:||(a) Pictures on the screen can help test takers image the setting and the role of the speakers; (b) Test takers will see and hear each question before seeing the answers; (c) Note taking is allowed. After testing, notes are collected and shredded before the test taker leaves the test center; (d) In some questions a portion of the lecture or conversation is replayed so the test taker does not need to rely on memory of what was said|
|Length of Task:||1-4 minutes long each|
|Number of Task:||6|
|Questions:||1 question per task - 6 questions in total|
|Total Time:||20 minutes|
|Avg. Time per Question:||45-60 seconds for the speaking part of each question|
|When Questions will appear:||After the test taker is done with reading and listening material|
|Screen/Test Details:||(a) Pictures on the screen can help test takers imagine the setting and the role of the speakers; (b) Test takers will see and hear each question; (c) Note taking is allowed. After testing, notes are collected and shredded before the test taker leaves the test center|
To register for your test, please visit www.ets.org/toefl
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