GMAT Essay Writing

In this part of the test you should present your opinion on a given topic in an effective and persuasive way. The question has two parts:

· Topic

A short line of reasoning is provided

· The Directive

Instructions on how to analyze the topic

Your job here is not to present your own opinion, but critically to analyze the given argument.

The Structure of Your GMAT Essay

Again, your essay should range from approximately 300 to 350 words. We suggest the following structure:

1. Introduction

· Reword the argument to be discussed

· Briefly sketch the argument's line of reasoning

· Indicate that the argument has several logical flaws

2. Body Paragraph 1

· Pick your point of main criticism. This will be an assumption, a premise or a conclusion drawn at the train of thought

· Acknowledge a counterargument and refute it (optional)

· Strengthen your criticism by providing a similar point or an example

3. Body Paragraph 2

· Pick another point of criticism. This will be an assumption, a premise or a conclusion drawn at the train of thought

· Acknowledge a counterargument and provide a rebuttal (optional)

· Strengthen your criticism by providing a similar point or an example

4. Body Paragraph 3 (optional)

· Pick another point of criticism. This will be an assumption, a premise or a conclusion drawn at the train of thought

· Acknowledge a counterargument and provide a rebuttal (optional)

· Strengthen your criticism by providing a similar point or an example

5. Summary

· Summarize your criticism of the argument

· Discuss how the argument could be improved and what points the author should have made to strengthen his case

As mentioned above, the following outline of the use of transitional phrases may serve as a first guideline on how to write this essay. Remember that you should be flexible:

1. Introduction

The author argues that .... because ..... The author's line of reasoning is that, ..... This argument is unconvincing for several reasons.

2. Body 1

First of all .... is based on the questionable assumption that ..... However, ..... Moreover, .....

3. Body 2

Secondly, the author assumes that ..... However, ..... It seems equally reasonable to assume that .....

4. Body 3

Finally, the author fails to consider ..... For example, ..... Because the author's argument lacks .....

5. Summary

In conclusion, to convince me that ...., the author would have to provide evidence that ..... Without this additional evidence, I am not convinced that .....

 
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